Survival Essentials

survival essentialsEssentials of Survival in the Outdoors

Basic understanding of the survival essentials is a critical skill that becomes necessary when it is no longer possible to hunker down in your home or retreat. In these cases, primitive outdoor survival skills will be required. The good news is that survival essentials remain unchanged regardless of your situation.

A “Bug-Out” scenario is the last place you want to find yourself. However, being properly prepared will benefit you during outdoor survival scenarios.

Survival Essentials: Shelter, Water, Fire, Food…

Prioritizing your survival essentials is critical if you want to stay alive in an outdoor survival situation.  Whether lost in the wilderness, traversing an urban jungle, or you find yourself in a grid down scenario; your survival priorities remain the same.

Outdoor Survival Essentials:

  1. Shelter is your first priority in outdoor survival.
    • Most people who die in outdoor survival scenarios, die of exposure!  That’s right, they freeze.  Even in desert climates, temperatures can swing from over 100 F to below freezing in just 24 hours.  You might want to build a fire first, but that requires fine motor skills and ideal conditions for success.  Building a hasty shelter can be done in just a few minutes. It provides protection from the elements, animals, insects and sometimes people.
  2. Water is essential within about 48 hours for outdoor survival.
    • The human body can usually survive for up to three days without water.  Be careful!  Waiting too long to locate a source of water is dangerous.  Your body loses strength more quickly from exposure if not properly hydrated (hydration assists with organ function and thermal regulation). Handheld purifiers and water bottles with purification filters are ideal for most situations, but if you are caught without a purification system, be prepared to do it the old fashioned way; boil it.
  3. Fire is essential to surviving beyond the first couple of days especially in more extreme climates.
    • There are several primitive methods to start fires but my preference is to carry a butane lighter. Lighters are reliable and you can carry them in your pocket anywhere.  Fire increases protection against exposure, and is a good method for water purification. Fire protects against wild animals, insects, and allows you to cook food.
  4. Food is essential to surviving long-term.
    • Food contains essential vitamins, proteins, sugars and fats. These are required for the body to remain in peak condition.  You can survive on little to no food for over three weeks; however, it’s essential to know how to hunt and gather food to survive long-term.  Hunting and gathering food is a learned skill that must be practiced. Lack of food can lead to sickness, mental deterioration, and injury. All of these can easily destroy your chances of survival.

Remember the Rule of 3

The human body cannot survive for more than:

  • 3 minutes without air
  • 3 hours without shelter
  • 3 days without water
  • 3 weeks without food